Link Wray - Late 1950’s Shawnee Guitarist. Shaped the early rock genre Jack the Ripper - https://youtu.be/ExsrSCeplXKJohnny Cash - Guitarist interested in Native American Issues. Recorded Bitter Tears in 1964You Are My Sunshine - https://youtu.be/cGa3zFRqDn4 As Long as the Grass Shall Grow - https://youtu.be/HSdNDFj5zJQ
Charley Patton - Rattlesnake Blues https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbQTDUaiUtsPeter La Farge - Drums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cs_kP1hpKsA
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Jesse Ed Davis - Influential and talented guitarist whose style and guitar playing established many cornerstones of classic rock-n-roll music. In his lifetime, Davis was never truly recognized for his genre-defining work, mostly playing backup for more popular artists. Though not widely popular, he was well-known within music circles as an excellent guitarist and many sought to achieve his level of skill.“White Line Fever”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRjBtxSqzKU“Crazy Love”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xAsy4CSmARo"Washita Love Child": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bAUpfDhhWE“While My Guitar Gently Weeps” (background guitar): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8CivPhu0fwStevie Salas - Another guitarist who mainly worked in the background of more popular acts along with releasing his own successful music. Salas is a well-rounded musician, composer, producer, curator, and consultant for various television programs and projects. He is largely responsible for bringing attention to the enormous influence of Native American music and artists on the rock scene.“Tell Your Story Walkin’”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ww_9jIae4ks“The Harder They Come”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58-FJhNNqrs
“Now That the Buffalo’s Gone”: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=BCWJYTCfjSgBuffy Sainte-Marie is a Canadian-American singer/songwriter, who uses her music to speak about problems that Native Americans faced. The song I listened to, “Now That the Buffalo’s Gone” was sung completely in English. The instrumental background music was mainly guitar, which incorporated some aspects of country music. Despite the lyrics being fully in English, her use of vibrato, was very similar to that of the natives that we had listened to today. Her lyrics were very powerful and spoke about mistreatment and how that is still an issue today.“Coyote, My Little Brother”: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=SAZ44trRrRIPeter La Farge is an American singer who focused mainly on folk music. His folk music included information or stories about Native Americans on various songs and albums. The song I listened to, “Coyote, My Little Brother,” similar to Buffy Saints-Marie’s song, consisted of only English lyrics. His song was acoustic and used only his voice and a guitar.
Steven Van Zandt: “Love Again” sounds like a rock and roll song that includes a drum, trumpets and a melodious group of backup singers. Though he is mostly Italian, he still is involved with Native American activism even writing a song about Native American pride. Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYnTwhibCoEStevie Salas: “Tell Your Story Walkin’” sounds exactly like what a rock and roll song is. The drum set in the background, the electrical guitars and the lead singer Stevie Salas. Though this song may not focus on Native Americans that much, he is well known to shine light upon the minority’s culture.Link: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=n-yNgAZPnnY
Jackson Browne - Tender Is The Night (original video) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=er1SCSOaTb4George Harrison and Eric Clapton - While my guitar gently weepshttps://m.youtube.com/watch?v=i8rVI7AMKiY
Two artists that interested me within the Smithsonian that I read was Jesse Ed Davis and Link Wray. Davis is a Native American musician who’s a supporting guitarist. While he wasn’t as well known at first he became an on call guitarist for artists like Albert KIng and Willie Nelson. After listening to his song “White Line Fever”, it starts off with an electric guitar causing the song to have both a country and rock and roll feel. It’s an upbeat song and his voice works very well with the beat of the music. The song also is different from what I expected especially because he’s a Native American artist. His use of the electric guitar along with drums and the fact that he could speak English well all show how much Native American culture/music has been influenced. Other than Davis, Link Wray who’s a Shawnee Guitarist also made much impact within the music industry. Although he was a musician from the late 50s, his musical talent continued to influence other famous artists and groups for decades. Wray’s most popular hit “Rumble” was an instrumental song that included the reverberating power chord, which he is famous for inventing. This chord was later used as the foundation of many songs by both Led Zeppelin and The Who. Just like Davis’ song Wray uses an electric guitar paired with a continuous and steady drum beat. The repetition of the guitar chords and the drum beats cause your head and body to move with the music. Wray’s song also seems very Americanized and is definitely different from what Native American Mudic used to be.Rumble: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=ucTg6rZJCu4White Line Fever: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=jRjBtxSqzKU
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Me2u9yBHfFIThe Ballad of Ira Hayes, by Peter La Farge, tells the story of a “whiskey drinking Indian” named Ira Hayes. It talks about the Indian’s life, and it ends with his demise. The constant strumming of the guitar makes the song sound like one you would tell around a campfire, and it sounds a bit country-like.https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=08gyjR0Sk4s“Carry It On” by Buffe Sainte-Marie is a song that is more on the inspirational side. She talks about having a good attitude and that the government is not what makes people strong (possibly a reference to what happened to the Native Americans). She also mentions nature and how it protects us. The popular chord progression in the background makes the song sound more uplifting and catchy.
Charlie Patton - Shake it and Break ithttps://m.youtube.com/watch?v=yGsAh2jx6JACharlie Patton is an African American Choctaw who created his own blues music and in this song there is a very cheerful mood that will get you dancing.Jesse Ed Davis - White Line Feverhttps://m.youtube.com/watch?v=jRjBtxSqzKUDavis is a Native American Kiowa who played guitar and wrote songs as well. This song is upbeat and gets you grooving to the beat.
Stevie Salas - Cherokee Girl “Cherokee Girl” by Stevie Salas is a punk rock anthem about a Cherokee girl. Salas is in love with this Cherokee girl but it seems that there is something preventing them from being together. Salas says “I know this world isn’t our friend... I’m searching for a place etched in my mind where we will be alright... where they will never find and we will run out of time.” His hopeful love for her seems tragic as it is the wrong place and the wrong time. Although the song doesn’t really talk about Salas’s ethnic roots it is still apparent that his culture prevails in his music, hence the name of the song. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=akIyjhOHqac Peter La Farge - If I could not be an Indian “If I could not be an Indian,” by Peter La Farge is about exactly what it sounds like. This country like tune talks about how if he wasn’t an Indian, La Farge would chose to be Irish. The song takes the time to compare the two races and their battle for independence. La Farge sings “therefore we feel a friendship to our brothers overseas, there’s no difference in-betwixt us except our enemies.” For many years the Irish were in battle with the British, similarly to how the Native America’s were in battle with the Americans. He also discusses how both native Americans and the Irish are held captive and forced to give up their culture. It is obvious that his native roots have an impact on his music and what he writes about/ https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=csyi3xP_qFE
Link Wray - Fire and Brimstonehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXrV9mBM7PkA popular guitarist in the 1950s, Wray produced many songs throughout his career. His songs are light and portray happiness. “Fire and Brimstone” specifically speaks of freedom and learning to be yourself.Jesse Ed Davis - Big Dipperhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJ87Yv38oIMAn upbeat, fast paced song, “Big Dipper” exemplifies rock-n-roll music. Although there’s no singing, the song speaks for itself through its instruments. His guitar talent is undeniably good, and it’s unfortunate that his music is not more well known in the rock world.
Johnny Cash, who was very popular during the late 1900’s plays his rhythmic songs with the heart of the native Americans within him. The beat makes one want to hop up and do some ecstatic body movements while circling a fire pit, which is exactly what his song “Ring of Fire” represents. Whether he sings directly on Indian culture, or western cowboys, the one thing all his songs have in common are the rhythm. When one hears the rhythm, it practically forces them to imagine a night-time circle dance around a fire, as if a ritual or celebration.https://youtu.be/mIBTg7q9oNcLink Wray, an Indian guitarist with plenty of skill has his own special way of expressing himself through his music. As shown in his song “Rumble”, the simplistic drums in the background along with some snazzy but repetitive guitar chords create a sort of melancholy mood. Only to be saved by his own mix of guitar riffs to split up the repetitive marching drums.https://youtu.be/ucTg6rZJCu4
“Up Where We belong” by Buffy Sainte-Marie https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=rLCk066o9sU“Universal soldier” by Buffy Sainte-Marie https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=zYEsFQ_gt7c
JonahSteven Van Zandt: “Love Again” despite being predominantly Italian, still showed love to the Indian pride, singing songs about native pride. The song is very rock and rollish with its background singers, and Steven wrote many songs about the Indian pride.Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYnTwhibCoEStevie Salas: “Tell Your Story Walkin’” is what a typical rock song sounds like, with the electric guitar, drums and Stevie Salas, who really expresses Indian culture. Despite this song not focusing on the minority’s group, Stevie Salas was a pioneer for Indian culture.Link: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=n-yNgAZPnnY